Housing Safety and Health Checklist

OSHA 1910.142 Temporary Labor Camps               

Site including refuse disposal: 29 CFR 1910.142 (a) (h)

  • Drainage must be adequate (29 CFR 1910.142 (a)(1) (not subject to periodic flooding, danger to domestic water supply, or inactive water)
  • Site must be 500 ft. from livestock (29 CFR 192.142 (a)(2)
  • Site must be free from rubbish, debris, waste paper, garbage or other refuse (29 CFR 1910.142(a)(3)
  • Insect and rodent proof refuse containers provided (one container per family unit)
  • Containers should be kept clean and at least 100 ft. of shelters (29 CFR 1910.142 (h)(1)
  • Containers should be kept on a wooden, metal or concrete stand (20 CFR 1910.142 (h)(1)
  • Containers should be emptied no less than twice a week or when full (29 CFR 1910.142 (h)(3)
  • Garbage containers that are leak proof with tight lids should be provided in the kitchen area (29 CFR 1910.142 (i)

Shelter including lighting: 29 CFR 1910.142 (b)(g)


  • Must have at least 50 sq. ft. per person in sleeping rooms (29 CFR 1910.142 (b)(2) (Ceilings at least 7 ft .high)
  • Sleeping rooms must contain wall lockers for clothing as well as beds, cots or bunks (no triple bunks) provided for each farmworker (20 CFR 1910.142 (b)(3)


  • Housing must be protected from the elements (29 CFR 1910.142 (b)(1)
  • Floors must be made of wood, asphalt or concrete and must be in good repair (29 CFR 1910.142 (b)(4)
  • No broken windows and should be able to open at least halfway for ventilation purposes (29 CFR 1910.142 (b)(7)
  • Screen doors should be equipped with self-closing devices (29 CFR 1910.142 (b)(8)
  • Should be at least 100 sq. ft. per person in a room where farmworkers cook, live and sleep (29 CFR 1910.142 (b)(9)


  • Sanitary facilities provided for cooking and storing food (29 CFR 1910.142 (b)(9)
  • At least one stove for every 10 people or 2 families (29 CFR 1910.142 (b)(10)
  • Poisonous or toxic materials should not be stored with food or in areas of food preparation (20 CFR 1910.142 (i)
  • Central eating facilities should be separate from sleep quarters (29 CFR 1910.142 (i)(2)
  • Kitchen along with all equipment and utensils should be kept clean (29 CFR 1910.142(i)


  • Heating, cooking and water heating equipment installed in accordance with applicable codes and regulations and adequate heating provided in every shelter during cold weather (29 CFR 1910.142 (b)(11)


  • Each room should be supplied with at least one ceiling-type light fixture and electrical outlets (20 CFR 1910.142 (g)

Water Supply (29 CFR 1910.142 (c)

  • Water must be adequate for drinking, cooking, bathing and laundry and approved by appropriate health authorities (29 CFR 1910.142 (c)
  • At least 35 gallons of water must be provided per day, per person at a peak rate of 2 ½ times the average hourly demand (29 CFR 1910.142 (c) (2)
  • If indoor water facilities are not provided, shelters must be within 100 ft. of a yard hydrant. 29 (CFR 1910.142 (c)(3)
  • When water under pressure is available, 1 water fountain for each 100 farmworkers must be provided. Common drinking cups are prohibited. (29 CFR 1910.142 (c)(4)
  • Hot and cold running water must be provided (29 CFR 1910.142 (i)

Toilet Facilities /Sewage (29 CFR 1910.142 (d)(e)

  • Toilet rooms should be accessible without crossing through a sleeping room (29 CFR 1910.142(d) (2)
  • Each toilet room must have at least a 6 sq. ft. opening to the outside for adequate ventilation (29 CFR 1910.142 (d)(2)
  • Bathrooms must be cleaned daily, if privies are used they must be 100 ft. away from any sleeping, dining, lunch area or kitchen (29 CFR 1910.142 (d)(3) and (10)
  • Separate toilet facilities must be provided for each sex and separated by walls or partitions extended from the floor to the ceiling (29 CFR 1910.142 (d)(4)
  • Required ratio of one toilet facility for each 15 persons and urinals of at least 2 feet trough for every 25 men (29 CFR 1910.142(d)(5) and (6)
  • Toilets kept in sanitary condition with toilet paper provided in adequate supply (20 CFR 1910.142 (d) (9) and (10)
  • If public sewers are available, sewer lines and drains should be connected (29 CFR 1910.142 (e)

Laundry, Hand washing, and Bathing Facilities (20 CFR 110.142 (f)

  • Laundry, Hand washing, and Bathing facilities should be provided with floors, walls and partitions waterproof, smooth or and/or non-slip (29 CFR 1910.142 (f)(1) and (2)
  • At least 1 shower for every 10 persons (29 CFR 1910.142 (f)(1)
  • 1 hand wash basin per family shelter or 1 basin for every 6 persons in shared facilities (29 CFR 1910.142 (f) (1)
  • 1 laundry tray/tub for every 30 persons (20 CFR 1910.142 (f)(1)
  • Slop sinks should be provided in buildings used for laundry, hand washing and bathing (29 CFR 1910.142 (f)(1) and (6)
  • Adequate supply of hot and/or cold running water for bathing and laundry purposes (20 CFR 1910.142 (f)(3)
  • Facilities for drying clothes should be provided (29 CFR 1910.142 (f)(5)

Insect and rodent control/First Aid/Communicable Disease (20 CFR 1910.142 (j) (k) (l)

  • Effective measures shall be taken to prevent infestation by and harborage of insects, animals and/or pests (29 CFR 1910.142 (j)
  • Food should be free from vermin, rodents, flies, and spoilage. (29 CFR 1910.142 (i)
  • First aid supplies and equipment should be available to all workers in the camp (29 CFR 1910.142 (k)(1)
  • A person in the camp should be trained to administer first aid (29 CFR 1910.142 (k)(2)
  • Must report to local health authorities the identity of anyone in the camp suspected of having a communicable disease (29 CFR 1910.142 (l)(1)
  • Must report to local health authorities immediately a case of food poisoning or an unusual prevalence of any illness in which fever, diarrhea, sore throat, vomiting or jaundice is prominent. (29 CFR 1910.142 (l)(2)
  • Persons with a communicable disease should not be working in preparation, cooking or handling of food (29 CFR 1910.142(i)
Note: This checklist reflects portions of the Housing Safety & Health Checklist under OSHA 29 CFR 1910.42 (Form WH-519b)
You may view OSHA 29 CFR 1910.42 (subpart J) at the following link.