Guidelines Regarding Health & Safety / Field Sanitation / Hygiene
Potable Drinking Water Must
- Be placed in a location easily accessible to workers
- Be in sufficient amounts and suitably cool.
- Use only individual drinking cups. No common cups or dippers
Field Toilets / Hand Washing Must
- Provide one toilet per twenty (20) workers
- Be located within 1/4 mile of work site
- Have an adequate supply of potable water, soap, and single-use towels (Hand washing)
- Toilets should be adequately ventilated, screened and have a self-closing door with lock
Equipment and Exposure Safety Training Must
- Be provided for equipment or conditions which workers are using or may encounter on the farm. Examples include but are not limited to:
- Harvesters (Spanish) - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6tqCbh6T158
- Balers (Spanish) - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n4wH6Tak4Gg
- Tractors - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hZWmgC8t6Zc
- Leaf Handlers / Loaders
- Heat Stress - https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/heatstress/
- Green Tobacco Sickness - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D6Fymvz2Zig
- Educate workers where cultural differences impact health & safety including:
- Food storage
- Restrooms and sanitation
- Worker expectations
- Protect Yourself from Pesticides - Guide for Agricultural Workers (Spanish) -http://www.epa.gov/region1/eco/pest/pdfs/ProtectYourselfFromPesticidesSpanish.pdf
- Establish a system to empower workers to identify housing issues including:
- Utilize a concise labor camp checklist to maintain compliance
Green Tobacco Sickness
- Avoid working with wet tobacco
- If workers must work with wet tobacco, provide them with personal protective equipment (PPE) that is breathable and water-resistant.
- If workers' clothes get wet from tobacco leaves, they should change into dry clothes.
- Workers should wash hands often.
- Recognize symptoms of GTS, including:
- Loss of appetite
- Seek medical attention
- Learning about Green Tobacco Sickness: Juan's Experience -http://nasdonline.org/document/179/d001591/learning-about-green-tobacco-sickness-juan-039-s.html
- Workers who are exposed to hot and humid conditions are at risk of heat-related illness.
- The risk of heat-related illness becomes greater as the weather gets hotter and more humid.
- The heat index can be used to help determine the risk of heat-related illness for outdoor workers, what actions are needed to protect workers, and when those actions are triggered.
- The steps employers should take in response to an elevated heat index are the same type of steps that they would follow to address other hazards in the workplace:
- Develop an illness prevention plan for work based on the heat index
- Train your workers how to recognize and prevent heat-related illness
- Track the worksite heat index daily; communicate it and the required precautions to workers
- Implement your plan; review and revise it throughout the summer
- OSHA Heat Safety Tool App: https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/heatillness/heat_index/heat_app.html
- Learn more about Heat Stress - https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/heatstress/
|Heat Index||Risk Level||Protective Measures|
|Less than 91°F||Lower (Caution)||Basic heat safety and planning|
|91°F to 103°F||Moderate||Implement precautions and heighten awareness|
|103°F to 115°F||High||Additional precautions to protect workers|
|Greater than 115°F||Very High to Extreme||Triggers even more aggressive protective measures|